Lymph node cancer or lymphoma affects cells in the immune system. These nodes are small tissue groups found all over the body. They filter viruses bacteria and other negative items. When these cancer cells form immunity becomes compromised. Here is a closer look at causes symptoms treatment and prevention of this type of cancer.
Causes Of This Cancer
This cancer is caused by abnormalities of the white blood cells found in the lymph nodes. Reasons why this occurs may be due to:
- Hodgkin’s Disease: This condition occurs as cancer spreading between different nodes.
- Non Hodgkin’s Disease: This condition involves cancer spreading in the organs related to the affected nodes.
- Swollen Glands: This is the most usual item which leads to this form of cancer. Many things cause glands to swell. It is essential to have this swelling treated or cancer may form.
Symptoms Of Cancer Of The Lymph Nodes
- Common Symptoms: When a person has Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma the most common symptom is swelling in the nodes. Other symptoms include fever weight loss and swelling of the spleen.
- Gastrointestinal Symptoms: When the gastrointestinal tract is affected symptoms will include weight loss nausea vomiting or pain in the back of the abdomen.
- Central Nervous System Symptoms: This affects the brain or spinal cord. Symptoms may include headache seizures paralysis or change in mental state.
- Mediastinal Symptoms: This will affect the area in the middle of the lungs. Symptoms will include chest pain trouble breathing or a cough that produces blood.
Certain people may also experience rare symptoms including rash fatigue swelling of the abdomen or fluid in the lungs. When a person experiences any of these symptoms it is important to contact the doctor.
Prevention Of Lymphoma
Certain things may be done to lower the likelihood of developing this form of cancer.
- Avoid Chemicals: Certain chemicals especially those in insecticides may raise the risk of developing this cancer.
- Enjoy The Sun: Excessive sun exposure may heighten the risk of skin cancer but may lower the risk of contracting Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. This makes a great excuse to get out in nature or spend some time at the beach.
- Change The Diet: Studies have been done which prove that people who eat a diet rich in vegetables have a low risk of developing Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
- Quit Bad Habits It makes sense that living a healthy lifestyle will lower the odds of developing cancer. Quitting smoking drinking alcohol and losing extra weight will be very helpful to ward off this cancer.
Treatments For Lymphoma
- Surgery: With certain forms of localized cancer in the lymph node area it is possible to remove early stage cancer with surgical procedures.
- Chemotherapy: When surgery cannot remove all of the cancer chemo treatments may be used to remove any remaining lymphoma. Chemotherapy involves drugs that kill cancer cells. The downside is that the body experiences negative side effects like extreme fatigue loss of hair and nausea.
- Radiation: To treat lymphoma radiation is applied to the outside of the body in the effected area. These waves of energy kill tumors will little damage to other body parts and minimal side effects.
- Immunotherapy: Certain forms of lymphoma respond well to biological treatment. Medication is given which triggers the immune system to release an attack on cancer cells.
The lymph nodes are an essential part of the body which works with the immune system to keep a person free from viruses and other foreign bodies. When cancer develops in these nodes treatment is essential upon first diagnosis. Lymph node cancer can be prevented and treated most successfully when caught early.