Osteoarthritis knee pain is quite common. It occurs as cartilage between the femur and tibia erodes. Symptoms include stiffness pain swelling or loss of motion in the joint. Treating the pain early will help to best manage the symptoms that occur. Here is a look at the causes and effective treatments for this type of arthritis.
Various Causes Of Knee Osteoarthritis
- Knee Injury Or Strain
- Being Overweight
- Wear And Tear Brought On By Fractures Or Ligament Flareups
Non Surgical Treatments For Knee Osteoarthritis
- Braces: Wearing a knee brace will help when arthritis is on the interior knee joint. It helps to stabilize the knee joint. Oftentimes it can be expensive since each is custom made.
- Medicine: Anti Inflammatories help to take away pain of osteoarthritis. Most are sold at all stores or in stronger doses by prescription. The possible side effects of NSAIDs taken for long periods of time include irritation to the stomach.
- Supplements: Glucosamine and chondroitin are two of the most effective supplements to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. Both are useful for stabilizing cartilage.
- Cortisone Injections: Many people who suffer knee pain due to arthritis will have doctors inject cortisone directly into the area when flareups occur. These injections are not the first choice of treatment since they are known to cause cartilage to deteriorate with repeat usage.
Special Exercises For Knee Osteoarthritis
- Hamstring Stretch: While a person lays down with the knees bent a towel is placed around one foot. While holding on for support the leg is raised until the hamstring stretches gently. This position is held for 30 seconds lowered and repeated. It is done with both feet. This stretch improves range of motion in the knee joints.
- Seated Hip March: While sitting in a chair a person places the left foot slightly under the chair with toes on the floor. The right foot is lifted with the knee bent to 90 degrees. This position is held for a few seconds and the movement is repeated. Each leg is exercised in the same way.
- Standing Calf Stretch: While facing the wall in the standing position a person places the right leg in front of the left. While hands are on the wall the person bends the right knee into the wall pressing the other foot’s heel down on the floor. When the calf muscle stretches the position should be held for one minute. Each leg is stretched in the same manner.
Surgical Ways To Treat Knee Arthritis
- Chondroplasty: This procedure smoothes rough cartilage. This will lower the friction in the joint.
- Abrasion: This procedure is used on small areas where cartilage has been lost. It encourages new cartilage to grow.
- OATS: Osteochondral Autograft Transplant. This is preformed to remove part of the bone that has lost cartilage and places a dowel from a different bone into position.
- Knee Replacement: An artificial joint is placed into the knee. It is very effective at stopping pain but will not last forever. After these new parts wear out the procedure will need to be repeated.
There are many forms of arthritis. It is often very painful when it occurs in the knee. Osteoarthritis knee pain can be treated both surgically and non surgically but will be most effective when started early.