Dealing With Propionibacterium Acnes


Propionibacterium acnes is slow growing bacteria that is known to cause acne. It is commonly present on all human skin and is rarely detected on skin before puberty. It lives on fatty acids and oil secreted by sebaceous glands. Since the bacteria is responsible for a large majority of acne cases, it is essential to understand ways to get rid of it.

Causes Of Acne

Propionibacterium AcnesBefore a person can understand what causes acne, it is essential to comprehend the structure of the skin. Each skin unit contains sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and sebum. Hair and extra oil block hair follicles. The blockage does not allow the oil to exit the skin’s pores. The blockage also draws P acnes bacteria to grow in the follicles as well. As bacteria produces chemicals, white blood cells are drawn to fight infection which leads to inflammation and swelling. The follicles eventually break open and spill into surrounding skin. The result is a breakout of acne.

There is no one reason for acne. However, many factors contribute to the condition:

  • Genetics: Acne tends to run in families, so when relatives have the condition, so do many other family members.
  • Hormones: Any period in life when a person’s hormones become unbalanced will cause acne to occur. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause are often the times in life when acne is heightened. During these times, the make hormone androgen leads to the overproduction of oil that causes acne.
  • Medicine: Certain prescription medication is known to cause acne. The most common drugs including lithium, androgens, barbituates, or amphetamines can cause acne formation.
  • P. Acnes Bacteria: When bacteria accumulates in skin pores, acne will occur.

Effective Treatments For P. Acnes

Most P. Acnes are treated with topical antibiotics.

  • Clindamycin: This is the most common topical antibiotic prescribed to fight acne. It is available in 1% strength and must be applied two times each day. It is tolerated by most people, but may sometimes cause a bit of irritation.
  • Erythromycin: This is also a common topical treatment for acne. It is usually prescribed in 2% strength and should be applied twice daily. It is well tolerated and can even be used by pregnant women.
  • Tetracycline: This is an alternative topical treatment that is available in different strengths. It includes sodium bisulfite which is known to cause an allergic reaction or yellowing of the skin.
  • Metronidazole: This is a topical treatment most commonly prescribed for people with acne rosacea. It is available in .75% strength and can be applied one or two times each day. It is well tolerated, but can lead to mild skin irritation.

Oral Treatments For Acne

Oral antibiotics are also used to treat acne.

  • Tetracycline: This is the most popular oral antibiotic for acne. It must be taken without food and should not be used by pregnant women.
  • Erythromycin: This antibiotic has numerous benefits over tetracycline. It lowers redness with anti inflammatory properties and also kills P. acnes. It should be taken with food, but can lead to nausea. It cannot be taken by pregnant women.
  • Minocycline: A derivative of tetracycline, it is most commonly used to treat pustular acne. With long term use, the side effects may include changes in teeth and the skin.
  • Doxycycline: This drug is used for people whose acne does not respond to other antibiotics. It should be taken with food and may cause sensitivity to sunlight.

All acne can be ugly and embarrassing. There are many products, both prescription and over the counter remedies, that treat acne. However, finding a solution which gets rid of propionibacterium acnes is the first step in alleviating the problem.


31 Responses

  1. Tong

    11/07/2012, 12:41 pm

    Unquestionably believe that that you stated. Your favourite justification seemed to be at the internet the simplest factor to take into account of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed whilst people think about worries that they just don’t realize about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as neatly as outlined out the entire thing without having side-effects , folks could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thank you

  2. Mcglo

    11/08/2012, 02:11 am

    Wonderful work! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the internet. Disgrace on the seek engines for no longer positioning this submit higher! Come on over and discuss with my site . Thanks =)

  3. Longman

    11/08/2012, 09:36 am

    Hello you have a great site over here! Thanks for sharing this interesting information for us! If you keep up the good work I’ll visit your blog again. Thanks!

  4. Wiser

    11/08/2012, 09:55 pm

    You are in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The web site loading pace is incredible. It sort of feels that you are doing any unique trick. Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you’ve performed a excellent activity on this matter!

  5. Blyden

    11/11/2012, 06:27 pm

    Hi there you have a nice site over here! Thanks for posting this interesting stuff for us! If you keep up the great work I’ll visit your blog again. Thanks!

  6. Helene

    12/16/2012, 01:22 am

    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I in finding It really helpful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others such as you helped me.

  7. Jerry

    12/16/2012, 08:50 am

    One cause of acne that many people don’t know about is stress. Many teens are stressed about school, friends, and family, and that stress can lead to several side effects, including acne. Keeping stress levels low is important as a teenager and letting yourself unwind each day is the best way to relieve excess stress.

  8. Aasby

    05/27/2013, 02:33 pm

    I wanna say thanks for posting this great information. Keep up this good work. I’ll subscribe to your website also. Thanks!